Our feet are subjected to an enormous strain all day, which can affect the health of the whole body. For the well-being of your feet and joints good shoes are therefore mandatory. We have asked two experts for oversized shoes, what you need to look out for.
Oversize is not equal to oversize
The definition of jackets or trousers in large sizes is very simple. But in the area of the shoes”a transparent classification at whicheverHealth, which takes up the individual weight, is missing,”explains Kay Zimmer.For more than ten years, the managing director and founder of Schuhplus shoes has been helping people with oversized feet to determine the right shoe size and, with his wide range, facilitates the search for fashionable footwear.
Well-fitting footwear is essential for feet and health:
“There is a very high risk of badly fitting footwear and pressure points, because the shoes are too small or too hard,”says Georg Wessels .The owner of the Schuhhaus Wessel has three Guinness World Record Holders with the largest feet to his customers and thus holds the record as manufacturer of the world’s largest ready-made shoes.
In addition to the length, Georg Wessels also emphasizes the relevance of the width and width of the foot for determining the shoe size – especially when the foot is overweight because of the weight of the foot:”Overweight people should ensure that the shoes are long enough, but by no means too wide, and do not cause permanent pressure points.”
From toe to heel balls: The foot length
If in the everyday life of the shoe size the speech is, actually the foot length is meant.The span from the toe to the last end of the heel is the most commonly used measure when buying a shoe.
Men’s feet are considered as over-sized as of a length of 30 centimeters.As a result of the corresponding shoe size of 47, the purchase of shoes in retail is therefore laborious.More promising is the search for special shops or online shops for oversizes, which lead selected models up to a shoe size of 54.
Kay Zimmer recommends the rule of thumb to determine the actual length of the foot by means of the foot length: “Foot length plus 0.5 to 1.0 centimeter of free space. This is the ideal size to allow the foot to achieve even better levels of stability and the use of special insoles. ” From your foot length, you can then simply calculate your shoe size using an appropriate online tool.
From the big one over the little toe and back again: the walking distance
A further important measure for the specification of the shoe size is the foot width – also called bale measurement.This indicates how much space the foot has in the shoe to spread out.The foot circumference is measured along the bale line between large and small toe.
The width of the foot is indicated in the quantities ABC, with the quantities KM being spoken by a supervisor.To find out the width of your bale, please refer to this table .If you are not able to find anything in special shops, you can also create wide-adjustable models (for example with Velcro fasteners).
Between large and small toe: the width of the foot
Also known as tension – unlike the circumference in width, the foot width indicates the width of the foot at its widest point.Measure these at the ballline between large and small toe on the sole of the foot.
The width of the foot is indicated in the units narrow, wide and wide.
The width of the foot is approximately 2.7 times the width.However, clamping (the height of the footrest) and foot shape also influence the ratio of the bale circumference and dimension.For the best possible determination of the shoe size, it is therefore always necessary to combine all the units.Mr Wessels warns, however, that even an exact measurement does not guarantee the perfect size:
“When asked:Can you measure my feet exactly? My answer is yes, I can measure your feet exactly. This does not help you. On the contrary – you then believe you know your shoe size exactly. However, because there are no standardized shoe sizes and each manufacturer uses different shapes, the size A can be the size 46 from the manufacturer A, but the size B is 47 or even the size 45.”
Even if the survey is theoretically possible in own work: When buying a shoe you should always consult an expert.The health risk of a wrong footwear is not to be underestimated.
Health risk wrong footwear
The sad example of Robert Wadlow shows how great the danger of badly sitting shoes is.The largest human being in the world, with a size of 2.72 m, died at the age of 22 years of a blood poisoning, starting from a bladder at the foot.
Even if this was an extreme phenomenon: you should be aware of the dangers of such pressure points, or of foot deficiencies and joint wear.And the risk increases with a higher load – thus also with a higher body weight.Feet of heavy runners are exposed, for example, to two to four times higher loads.
Malformations of foot and toe
Foot deficiencies can be inherited on the one hand, but can also be triggered on the other hand by incorrect or excessive strain on the feet, which in turn can result from both overweight and poor footwear.
“Poorly fitting shoes cause a misalignment of the feet, with the consequence that the natural course is impaired,”warns Kay Zimmer.
For example, a permanently high weight on some parts of the foot can lead to the lowering of the arch of the foot and the formation of a flatfoot.In doing so, the foot gets in contact with the ground and pressure ulcers are formed which cause considerable walking difficulties.In order to prevent this, Mr. Zimmer advises the use of special insoles.
In addition, overweight also favors the formation of bony feet.An increased overload in combination with a lack of movement leads to the lowering of the entire arch of the foot and a reinforcement of the X position of the heel.The consequences:spinal complaints, dyspepsia and pain due to overloading the weak musculature in the foot.
First malposition, then arthrosis
Increased stress on the foot can also promote osteoarthritis.The joint wear frequently occurs in the region of the ankle after a resting phase.In addition to overload, misalignment and inflammation due to pressure points on the foot are also a possible cause of origin – all favored by overweight in combination with incorrect footwear.
The perfect shoe in oversize
The shoe has a great responsibility for you and your health. In order for them to perceive these, compromises in terms of quality and fit are taboo. Above all, overweight is”stable and soft footwear compulsory,”says Georg Wessels.When buying, you should pay particular attention to the nature of the material and sole as well as the recommendations of the specialist dealer.
Sole and material – fashionable and functional
The largest load is on the sole of the foot.Kay Zimmer says:
“Overweight people should pay attention to the nature of the sole when purchasing. The reason: every shoe production is oriented to an average standard. Thus, the degree of stress tends to be far below the requirements that would actually have to be met at increased weight. Quality is here the magic word.
Numerous low-cost shoes from the discounter are often sewn with a hot needle – with the result that seams dissolve relatively quickly and the sole has a high wear. A stable sole in combination with a high-quality gluing or suturing of the shaft are always characteristics of a good craftsmanship.”
The sole must be able to dampen the heel and fix the metatarsal to the joints.
At the same time, the material should not be too tight and allow the foot to move freely, but still stabilize. This challenge is mastered by flexible and robust materials – first and foremost high-quality leather.
Help from the expert
Even if you look for a gentle sole, have the right size, and have chosen a solid material, the differences between models and manufacturers are enormous, especially in the case of oversizes.For this reason, you should consult a specialist at the time of purchase, who will help you with the measurement and model selection.
You can find oversized shoes, for example, at the manufacturer Josef Seibel, in the online shop and shop shop of Schuhplus or in the Schuhaus Wessels.
Even if a shoe is an everyday commodity, especially for men, be aware of its importance for your health! As you can see, the risks of wrong footwear are risks with long-term consequences.
We would like to thank Mr. Wessels and Mr. Zimmer for the tips on buying shoes on oversize.
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