The Treaty of Paris, signed in Versailles, ended the American Revolution and the eight-year war of independence on September 3, 1783. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, JOHN JAY and JOHN ADAMS signed the peace agreement with England as American diplomats. That made the United States sovereign.
America is born
On September 3, 1783, in Versailles, BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, JOHN ADAMS and JOHN JAY as well as the British representative of King GEORG III, RICHARD OSWALD, signed the Treaty of Paris, the peace agreement between Great Britain and America that ended the War of Independence and made America a sovereign nation explained.
After seven years of fighting between the British and Continental Armies and another year of tough diplomatic negotiations, the greatest wish of most American settlers was fulfilled: America, so the feeling at the time, had finally freed itself from the unpleasant shackles of England.
For the first time they had thirteen founding colonies (Founding Colonies) from which at that time was the country together achieved a goal. Although the young nation was going to go through some political difficulties and the thirteen states would fight each other bloodily in the not too distant future in the American Civil War (Secession War / Civil War) – at this moment there was unity and triumph. America was born.
The Treaty of Paris was far more favorable to America than the members of the Continental Congress had dared to hope for. England not only recognized America’s independence, but also guaranteed it all areas east of the Mississippi. The only exception: Florida, which was still Spanish at the time. Generous fishing rights in the North Atlantic were also granted.
The Treaty of Paris was hard-earned diplomatically. The American ambassadors BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, JOHN JAY and JOHN ADAMS had to fear for the fundamental success of their mission at times. The reason: France and Spain walled up.
According to anylistintheus, France was one of the Americans’ most important allies in the War of Independence. This is explained by the traditional hostility between France and England. Numerous wars lay behind the two countries in 1783. On the American continent, they had an ambitious colonization contest that saw France as a loser behind them. France resented England for this lead in the development of America and was therefore all the more willing ally when the American settlers mobilized against motherland England.
Spain , which had occupied mainly Mexico and the south of North America, was also in competition with England and therefore on the side of France.
So when it came to negotiations between America and England, the other two major European powers sensed their chance to claim their own. France referred to its active support of the American settlers and demanded that America, along with its own independence, should also demand the return of Gibraltar to Spain. Gibraltar was first conquered by Spain before Britain annexed it.
Britain refused to give Gibraltar back. France, pushed by Spain, insisted on her condition. America was trapped. It was a difficult situation for the American negotiators, whose main concern, understandably, was the war that had raged for over seven years put an end to it at home. This urgent concern was now endangered by the stubbornness of the three great powers in the struggle for property claims. The negotiations dragged on and threatened to degenerate into a dispute lasting several years.
America did not have time to wait for a long-term solution. JAY, ADAMS and FRANKLIN cautiously began to contact the British negotiator without the participation of France.
The three Americans were successful. Not only did they reach an agreement with England, but they also maintained friendly relations with France, although the latter’s demands on England remained unfulfilled.
Not for nothing they were as a negotiator from the Continental Congress (Continental Congress), was elected the then all important politicians and representatives of the united thirteen colonies, for this delicate task. FRANKLIN ADAMS and JAY leading to the founding fathers (Founding Fathers) America are counted, had diplomatic experience and had earned themselves as loyal fighters for an independent America.