List of Newspapers in Panama

Panama, a country known for its strategic location connecting North and South America, has a diverse media landscape that includes a range of newspapers catering to different languages and perspectives. These newspapers play a crucial role in providing news, information, and insights to the public. Here’s an overview of the major newspapers in Panama:

  1. La Prensa: According to, La Prensa is one of the oldest and most influential newspapers in Panama. Founded in 1980, it has a long history of providing comprehensive coverage of national and international news, politics, business, culture, and sports. La Prensa is published in Spanish and is known for its editorial independence and investigative journalism. It has a wide readership and plays a significant role in shaping public opinion and promoting freedom of the press.
  2. La Estrella de Panamá: La Estrella de Panamá is another prominent Spanish-language newspaper in Panama. It covers a range of topics, including politics, economy, culture, and social issues. La Estrella de Panamá has a history dating back to the early 20th century and is considered one of the main sources of news and information for the Panamanian public.
  3. El Panamá América: El Panamá América, commonly known as “Critica,” is a Spanish-language newspaper that provides coverage of national and international news, politics, and entertainment. It is known for its tabloid-style reporting and sensationalist headlines. El Panamá América often focuses on high-profile stories and engages readers through its lively and provocative content.
  4. Metro Libre: Metro Libre is a free Spanish-language newspaper distributed in Panama City and other urban areas. It covers a variety of topics, including news, entertainment, lifestyle, and local events. Metro Libre is widely read by commuters and offers a snapshot of daily life in the city.
  5. The Visitor: The Visitor is an English-language newspaper in Panama that caters to the expatriate community, tourists, and English-speaking readers. It provides information about local events, attractions, and practical tips for newcomers and visitors to Panama.
  6. Panamá Post: Panamá Post is an English-language online newspaper that covers news and events related to Panama. It offers analysis, opinion pieces, and coverage of political, economic, and social developments. Panamá Post targets an international audience interested in gaining insights into Panama’s affairs.

Media Landscape in Panama:

Panama’s media landscape is characterized by a mix of traditional print newspapers and online platforms. While the majority of newspapers are published in Spanish to cater to the local population, there are also English-language newspapers and online outlets that serve the expatriate community and the international audience interested in Panama.

Press Freedom and Challenges:

Press freedom is generally respected in Panama, and newspapers have the freedom to express a variety of viewpoints. However, like in many countries, there are occasional challenges related to media ownership, financial sustainability, and concerns about editorial independence.

Online Presence and Social Media:

The digital era has led to the expansion of online media platforms in Panama. Many newspapers have established websites and social media accounts to provide real-time updates, multimedia content, and engage with a broader audience.

Cultural and Linguistic Considerations:

The linguistic diversity in Panama is reflected in the presence of both Spanish-language and English-language newspapers. While Spanish is the official language and the primary language of communication, English serves the expatriate and tourist communities, as well as those interested in international business and affairs.


Panama’s major newspapers, including La Prensa, La Estrella de Panamá, El Panamá América, and others, contribute to informing the public, shaping opinions, and reflecting the country’s diverse perspectives and issues. These newspapers play an essential role in Panama’s media landscape by providing news coverage, analysis, and engaging content for both local and international readers. We recommend consulting more recent and local sources for the latest information on major newspapers and developments in Panama’s media landscape.

Population and Languages in Panama

Panama, a bridge between North and South America with a unique blend of cultures and a booming economy, boasts a diverse population and a linguistic landscape that reflects its history and geography. Panama’s population and languages play a crucial role in shaping the country’s identity and dynamics. Here’s an overview of the population and languages in Panama:

Population Overview:

According to COUNTRYAAH, Panama has a population estimated to be around 4.4 million people. Despite its relatively small land area, Panama’s population is diverse and exhibits a mix of ethnicities, cultures, and backgrounds due to historical influences, immigration, and indigenous communities.

Ethnic Diversity:

Panama’s population is ethnically diverse, with various groups contributing to the country’s multicultural fabric. The major ethnic groups include:

  • Mestizos: Mestizos are people of mixed European and indigenous ancestry. They make up a significant portion of Panama’s population and have played a crucial role in the country’s history.
  • Afro-Panamanians: Descendants of African slaves brought to Panama during the colonial era, Afro-Panamanians have a strong presence, particularly in the Caribbean coastal regions and Panama City.
  • Indigenous Peoples: Several indigenous communities reside in Panama, including the Ngäbe-Buglé, Kuna, Emberá, and Wounaan, among others. These groups have distinct cultures, languages, and ways of life.
  • European and Asian Descendants: Panama has a population of European and Asian descent, including people of Spanish, Chinese, and Indian heritage.

Languages in Panama:

Panama’s linguistic landscape is rich and varied, reflecting the diverse origins of its population. While Spanish is the official language, indigenous languages are also spoken, preserving cultural heritage and diversity.

  1. Spanish: Spanish is the official language of Panama and serves as the primary language of communication, government, education, and media. The vast majority of Panamanians are fluent in Spanish, and it plays a central role in daily life.
  2. Indigenous Languages: Panama is home to several indigenous languages, reflecting the presence of diverse indigenous communities. These languages have cultural significance and are important for preserving traditional knowledge, oral history, and cultural practices. Some of the indigenous languages spoken in Panama include:
  • Ngäbere (Guaymí): Spoken by the Ngäbe-Buglé indigenous people, Ngäbere is one of the most widely spoken indigenous languages in Panama.
  • Kuna (Guna): The Kuna people speak Kuna, an indigenous language with a rich oral tradition and vibrant cultural expression.
  • Emberá-Wounaan: The Emberá and Wounaan communities speak related languages that are part of the Chocó linguistic family.
  • Bribri: Spoken by the Bribri people in the Bocas del Toro region, Bribri is an indigenous language with unique linguistic features.

Bilingualism and Multilingualism:

Bilingualism and multilingualism are common in Panama, with many individuals proficient in both Spanish and their indigenous language. Bilingualism reflects the country’s commitment to cultural preservation while adapting to modern challenges.

Cultural Significance of Languages:

Languages in Panama hold cultural and historical significance, serving as a link between generations, preserving traditional knowledge, and promoting a sense of identity among indigenous communities.

Education and Indigenous Languages:

Efforts have been made to incorporate indigenous languages into education. Some schools offer instruction in both Spanish and indigenous languages, allowing students to maintain their cultural heritage while gaining access to broader educational opportunities.

Challenges and Revitalization:

Indigenous languages in Panama, like in many parts of the world, face challenges such as language loss, limited resources for education, and pressures from dominant languages. Efforts are being made to revitalize and promote indigenous languages through language documentation, cultural programs, and community engagement.


Panama’s population and languages reflect the country’s rich cultural diversity and historical influences. Spanish is the official language and a unifying force, while indigenous languages are essential for preserving cultural heritage and fostering a sense of identity among indigenous communities. Panama’s linguistic landscape showcases the intricate interplay between language, culture, and identity, making it a fascinating example of the diversity within a relatively small nation. We recommend consulting more recent and local sources for the latest information on population demographics and linguistic dynamics in Panama.