Liberia Population

Liberia Population

Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the west coast of Africa, bordered by Sierra Leone in the northeast, Guinea in the north, Ivory Coast in the east and the Atlantic Ocean in the southwest. In the recent past, it has suffered from two civil wars, the First Liberian Civil War (1989–1996) and the Second Liberian Civil War (1999–2003), which displaced hundreds of thousands of people and destroyed the Liberian economy.

According to necessaryhome, Liberia covers an area of ​​111,370 km² and had a population of 5,506,280 in 2015. The capital and largest city is Monrovia which is located in the west along the Atlantic Ocean. The easternmost point of Liberia borders the Gulf of Guinea. The name of this country is derived from Latin liber for “free” and refers to the home for freed African-American slaves from the United States, whose ancestors were taken to the Americas by European forces from West Africa during the Atlantic slave trade. The USA served as an example for Liberia on several levels, for example the flag of Liberia was borrowed from the American flag and this country’s constitution was borrowed from the American constitution.

Liberia was founded on January 7, 1822 by the American colonial society that brought slaves from the United States to West Africa and set them free. On July 26, 1847, President Joseph Jenkins Roberts declared Liberia’s independence from the United States, making this country the second oldest in Africa after Ethiopia. The first constitution dates from January 5, 1839 and is oriented towards the American one. According to this constitution, this country was officially called the Commonwealth of Liberia. During the American Civil War, about 12,000 African Americans lived in Liberia. This country’s society is still characterized by conflicts between the descendants of the slaves and the indigenous population.

Monrovia developed into an important port city on the coast of West Africa. As a result of the Congo Conference 1884/1885 in Berlin, Liberia had to cede a part to France and only US political pressure prevented an annexation. The African population received civil rights in 1904 and the right to vote in 1907. 1926, the American companies Firestone and Goodrich Corporation bought large areas of land for rubber plantations, which were leased for 99 years. This made this country economically dependent on the USA. In 1979, a price increase for rice gave rise to nationwide protests and riots. On April 12, 1980, Samuel K. Doe seized power in a coup that led to a politically unstable situation for 20 years. Doe was deposed, tortured and killed in 1990, and a 14-year civil war ensued. After a ceasefire was reached in 2003, President Charles Taylor left this country. In 2005, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf was elected Africa’s first female president and was sworn in on 16 January 2006. Together with Tawakkol Karman from Yemen and her compatriot Leymah Gbowee, she won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2011. She was succeeded on January 23, 2018 by former soccer player George Weah in what is considered Liberia’s first democratic leadership change since 1944.

POPULATION

Ethnicity

Article 27 of the Liberian constitution states that “Negroes and Lyt, wu vu neger abstamme” (“persons who are Negroes or of Negro descent”) are citizens of the state. There is a population of African Americans who are called “Creoles” or “Americoliberians”, they make up 2-5 percent of the population and are the largest group of Christians. About 8,000 Lebanese live in Liberia as a minority.

The indigenous ethnic groups of Liberia are divided into two distinct cultural and linguistic groups. The other one belongs to the Mandevelkers: D Kpelle, who live in the middle of the country traditionally as a hacker. In the north run Gio (or Dan) and Mano. Other important Mandevelkers are the Loma and the Vai.

The second group is the people who speak the Kwa language: the largest group of people are the Bassa on Buchanan, who often work in Bärgböu or in domestic service. In the boxes east of Greenville, the Kru plays an important role in seafaring and technical professions: for more than 400 years they have been seen as sailors on the West African route. Other Kwa-Velkers are the Grebo and the Krahn. In addition, the ethnic groups of the Gola, the Kissi, the Mandingo (Malinke) and the Belle are followed.

In the census from 2008, a total of 3,476,608 residents were assigned to the ethnic group:

  • Low: 466,477 (13.4%)
  • Belle: 26.516 (0,8%)
  • Dey: 11.783 (0,3%)
  • Bondi: 105,250 (3.0%)
  • Gio: 276.923 (8,0%)
  • Gola: 152.925 (4,4%)
  • Grebe: 348,758 (10.0%)
  • Kpelle: 705.554 (20,3%)
  • Kissi: 167,980 (4.8%)
  • Krahn: 139.085 (4,0%)
  • Crew: 209,993 (6.0%)
  • Lorma: 178,443 (5.1%)
  • Mandingo: 110,596 (3.2%)
  • Thousands: 273.439 (7.9%)
  • Century: 46,413 (1.3%)
  • Sapo: 43.327 (1,2%)
  • Or: 140,251 (4.0%)
  • Anderi Liberianer: 20.934 (0,6%)
  • Anderi Afrikaner: 47.453 (1,4%)
  • Net-Africans: 4,508 (0.1%)

Languages

In an ethnologue the Niger-Congo language would have been spoken in Liberia (with the number of speakers in 2006, since the number of speakers comes from Friejere Johr):

  • Atlantic Languages: Bassa (403,000), Dewoin (8,100), Gbii (5,600), Glaro-Twabo (4,270), Glio-Oubi (3,500), Gola (99,300), Barclayville-Grebo (23,700), Central-Grebo (30,800), Gbolo-Grebo (64,400), North-Grebo (84,500), South-Grebo (61,600), South-Kisi (115,000), Klao (213,000), Oscht-Krahn (62,900), Wescht-Krahn (53,200), Tepo- Krumen (2,910), Kuwa (12,800), Sapo (36,400), Tajuasohn (9,600)
  • Mande-speaking: Bandi (100,000), Dan (310,000), Liberia-Kpelle (760), Loma (195,000), Konyanka-Maninka (39,200), Mano (305,000), Manya (50,400), Mende (19,700), Vai (19,700). 104,000)

In addition, there is N’ko, a mixed language with the Mande language Bamanankan, Maninkakan, Jula and Mandinka, which is spoken in two languages.

As the de facto official language, Liberia speaks English. Around 2.5% were Liberian English, English-based Pidgin language, mother’s language, mainly spoken by freed slaves, from the USA on Africa.

Religions

Around 85.6 Brozänt from the Bevelkerig, mainly in the Kishte region, are Christian, 12.2 Brozänt are Muslim and number no 0.6 Brozänt would be a traditional natural religion. 1.4% were considered non-denominational.

Important Christian Chilche are the Roman Catholic Chilche (with 166,000 believers), the United Methodist Chilche of Liberia (68,300), the Lutheran Chilche of Liberia (35,600), the Broteschtantisch Eposkipalchiche of Liberia (Dail of the Province of West Africa of the Anglican Communion, 20,000 believers), the Bfingschtchilche Assemblies of God (14,500), the Providence Baptist Church in Liberia (2,500) and the Zyge vu Jehovah (6,000).

The approximately 670,000 believing Muslims would be persecuted by the National Muslim Council of Liberia.

Liberia Population