According to 800zipcodes, Boston is the capital and most populous city of the state of Massachusetts, and one of the oldest cities in the United States. It is located in Sufolk County, on the Atlantic coast. It is considered the economic and cultural center of the New England region. It is also the nerve center of a considerable large metropolitan area called Greater Boston, with a population of 4.5 million, constituting the tenth largest metropolitan area in the nation.
According to the census carried out in 2008, it revealed that the population of the city was 609,023 residents. With a population density of 4,947 residents / km².
According to the 2007 American Community Study, the city had a population of 58.4% white (50.0% non-Hispanic white); 25.3% African American (22.2% non-Hispanic black or only African American); 0.8% were American Indians and Alaska Natives; 8.7% were Asian; 0.1% Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders; 9.4% from another race, and 2.6% from two or more races. 15.6% of the total population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.
The average age was 31 years and for every 100 women, there were 92.8 men.
Boston colleges and universities have a great impact on the economy of the city and the region. Not only are they one of the main sources of employment, but they also attract high-tech industries to the city and the surrounding region.
Tourism makes up a large part of Boston’s economy. In fact, the constant influx of tourism to the city has made it one of the ten most popular destinations in the United States.
The city is also the regional headquarters for large banks such as the Bank of Americaand the Sovereign Bank.
In 2006, Boston and its metropolitan area were ranked as the fourth largest cyber city in the United States with 191,700 high-tech jobs. Only the New York and Washington DCmetropolitan areas and Silicon Valley have larger high-tech sectors.
On the other hand, the Port of Boston is one of the main seaports along the East coast of the United States.
Boston’s culture is closely tied to New England, including an Eastern accent from the region known as a “Boston accent.” The city has its own slang, existing for many years, and has been and continues to be a major destination for Irish immigrants. Irish Americans are a major influence on Boston politics and religious institutions, and consequently the rest of Massachusetts.
Bostonians are often viewed as people with a strong cultural identity, perhaps as a result of their intellectual reputation; much of Boston’s culture has originated in its universities. Mark Twain wrote: In New York they ask “how much money do you have?”, In Philadelphia they ask, “who were your parents?”, In Boston they ask, “how much do you know?”
The most popular music groups originating in the city are Boston and Aerosmith, although there are also countless lesser-known groups.
Museums dedicated to the cultural arts in Boston or Cambridge are the Museum of Fine Arts, the National Museum of African American Art, the Institute of Contemporary Art and the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, as well as the art museums associated with Harvard University, the University of Boston, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston College and other schools. Numerous art galleries are located on Newbury Street, in the South End and in the Fort Point canal area. Some of the longest-running and most influential galleries are the Bernard Toale Gallery, the Barbara Krakow Gallery, the Howard Yezerski Gallery, and the NAGA Gallery.
Additionally, the Boston Public Library and the Boston Athenæum have large collections of art, books, and research materials, and regularly host cultural events and exhibitions.
The Boston Public Schools, the oldest public school system in the United States, has 57,000 students in preschool through 12th grade, and 145 schools, including the Boston Latin School (the oldest public school in the United States). the United States, established in 1635), English High (the oldest public high school, established in 1821) and The Mather School (the oldest public elementary school, established in 1639). In Boston there are also private, parochial, and public pilot schools. In 2002, Forbes magazine ranked the Boston Public Schools as the best school system in the country, with a graduation rate of 82%. In 2005, the student population in the school system was 45.5% Black or African American, 31.2% Hispanic or Latino, 14% White, and 9% Asian, compared to 24%, 14%, 49 % and 8%, respectively, in Boston.
Boston’s reputation as “the Athens of America” derives in large part from the teaching and research activities of more than 100 colleges and universities located in the Greater Boston area, with more than 250,000 students in Boston and Cambridge alone.
The Boston University is the fourth largest private university in the country and the fourth largest source of employment in the city.
Northeastern University, another large private university, is located in the Fenway area, and is especially known for its schools of Health and Business Sciences and its cooperative education program.
The Wheelock College, Massachusetts College of Art and Design, Simmons College, Emmanuel College, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences, and Wentworth Institute of Technology, founding members of the Colleges of the Fenway, are adjacent to Northeastern University.
The New England School of Law, a small private law school, was originally established as the only female law school in America.
The Harvard University, the oldest in the nation, is located across the Charles River in Cambridge.
Harvard Business School and Harvard Medical School are in Boston, and there are plans for further expansion to Allston.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), which originated in Boston and was long known as “Boston Tech”, moved to Cambridge in 1916.
Tufts University has its medical and dental school adjacent to Tufts Medical Center, a 451-bed academic medical institution, a full-service adult hospital, and the Floating Hospital for Children.
Eastern Nazarene College, in Quincy, is the only evangelical Christian college in the greater Boston area.