Now the sailing ship was supposed to return to England with a cargo, but the Pilgrim Fathers were far from able to realize this. Captain JONES sailed back to England unloaded on April 5th, when the Pilgrim Fathers only began to sow grain and build permanent houses and settlements. They came across a helpful, English-speaking Indian named SQUANTO, who showed them how to catch fish in these waters and how to grow maize, which was completely unknown to them and whose seeds he brought back for them. The harvest was brought in in autumn. SQUANTOS native grain turned out to be much more productive than the varieties brought with them. The settlers then celebrated a three-day harvest festival with other Indians (Thanksgiving) in their new home.
On November 11, 1621, the sailing ship Fortune also reached the British colony and brought another 35 settlers into the country. There was also a letter from the Mayflower financier complaining that the ship was being returned unloaded by the settlers. Now the Pilgrim Fathers were able to send the Fortune back to England with beaver and otter skins as well as wood, but it was captured on the way by a French warship.
During the outward journey, the Pilgrim Fathers were already on board about a kind of constitution , the Mayflower Compact ,agreed. This constitution sealed their future community in which they call themselves loyal subjects of the English king, but also claim the right to set up their own administration with their own laws.
The journey of the Pilgrim Fathers was the prelude to an ever increasing ship traffic. In 1630 a whole fleet of 17 ships with Puritans arrived in the so-called New World. By the end of the 19th century, around eleven million people followed the Mayflower pilgrims across the Atlantic, making it the largest migration in history.
The Europeans settled in North America as early as the 16th century, displacing the native Indians in this way. This is how the French settlers sailed the Mississippi and St. Lawrence Electricity, which initially blocked the way to the west for the British settlers, who had already colonized the east coast and placed it under their sovereignty. In 1773 the tensions between the colonies and their British occupiers culminated in the Boston Tea Party and resolved with the signing of THOMAS JEFFERSON’s Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.
That was the beginning of the independence of the thirteen British colonies from Great Britain. After the War of Independence, which in the Treaty of Paris 1783, the United States of America was finally recognized by Great Britain as a fully autonomous state.
In addition to countries such as Canada, Australia, New Zealand and parts of South America, the United States of America is a classic immigration country, as the history of this country has been shaped by immigration and the vast majority of the population consists of former immigrants and still numerous today New ones join. Precisely for this reason is referred to the US as a melting pot (melting pot) of nations.
The first immigrants to the Indian-populated continent were mostly Europeans of English, Spanish, French, Irish and German descent. Years later, immigrants from other European regions such as Italy, Scandinavia and Eastern Europe followed.
According to ehotelat, even today, Americans of European descent form a majority of over 70 percent of the US population. The descendants of the African slaves, the Afro-Americans, live mainly in the southern states , as well as in the large industrial cities of the north such as B. Detroit against it; they make up about 13 percent of the total population. Immigrants from China, Japan, Korea, the Philippines and other Asian countries were drawn mainly to the west coast in the 19th century and only make up a fairly small group of about 4 percent because of immigration policy was extremely strict and restrictive towards Asians.
The proportion of Latin American immigrants in particular has grown steadily in the last few decades, and even rose to almost 13 percent by 2004, as Latin Americans in droves want to escape the economic hardship of their native countries and flee north and thus to the south-west of the USA. They often live there as illegal immigrants who, even after years, still cling to the culture and language of their homeland.
The Native Americans, the Indians, many of whom live in South Dakota and Oklahoma, are now a very small, but recently slowly growing minority. In Alaska they even reach a double-digit percentage of the population.