This passage is adapted from the novel The Men of Brewster Place by Gloria Naylor (©1998 by Gloria Naylor).(以下文章改編自Gloria Naylor的“The Brewster Place”(©1998 Gloria Naylor))。
Clifford Jackson, or Abshu, as he preferred to be known in the streets, had committed himself several years ago to use his talents as a playwright to broaden the horizons for the young, gifted, and black—which was how he saw every child milling around that dark street. As head of the community center he went after every existing grant on the city and state level to bring them puppet shows with the message to avoid drug sand stay in school; and plays in the park such as actors rapping their way through Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Abshu believed there was something in Shakespeare for everyone, even the young of BrewsterPlace, and if he broadened their horizons just a little bit, there might be enough room for some of them to slip through and see what the world had waiting. No, it would not be a perfect world, but definitely one with more room than they had now.
The kids who hung around the community center liked Abshu, because he never preached and it was clear that when they spoke he listened; so he could zero in on the kid who had a real problem. It might be an offhand remark while shooting a game of pool or a one-on-one out on the basketball court, but he had a way of making them feel special with just a word or two.
Abshu wished that his own family could have stayed together. There were four of them who ended up in foster care: him, two younger sisters, and a baby brother. He understood why his mother did what she did, but he couldn’t help wondering if there might have been a better way.
Abshu was put into a home that already had two other boys from foster care. The Masons lived in a small wooden bungalow right on the edge of Linden Hills. And Mother Mason insisted that they tell any- body who asked that they actually lived in Linden Hills, a more prestigious address than Summit Place. It was a home that was kept immaculate.
But what he remembered most about the Masons was that it seemed there was never quite enough to eat. She sent them to school with a lunch of exactly one and a half sandwiches—white bread spread with margarine and sprinkled with sugar—and half an apple.
When Abshu dreamed of leaving which was every day—he had his own apartment with a refrigerator overflowing with food that he gorged himself with day and night. The Masons weren’t mean people; he knew he could have ended up with a lot worse.
Abshu lived with these people for nine years, won a scholarship to the local college, and moved out to support himself through school by working in a dough-nut shop. By this time his mother was ready to take her children back home, but he decided that since he was already out on his own he would stay there. One less mouth for her to worry about feeding. And after he graduated with his degree in social work, he might even be able to give her a little money to help her along.
One thing he did thank the Masons for was keeping him out of gangs. There was a strict curfew in their home that was rigidly observed. And church was mandatory. “When you’re out on your own,” Father Mason always said, “you can do whatever you want, but in my home you do as I say.” No, they weren’t mean people, but they were stingy—stingy with their food and with their affection. Existing that way all the time, on the edge of hunger, on the edge of kindness, gave Abshu an appreciation for a life fully lived. Do whatever job makes you happy, regardless of the cost; and fill your home with love. Well, his home became the community center right around the corner from Brewster Place and the job that made him most fulfilled was working with young kids.
The kids who hung out at the community center weren’t all lost yet. They wanted to make use of the tutors for their homework; and they wanted a safe place to hang. His motto was: Lose no child to the streets. And on occasion when that happened, he went home to cry. But he never let his emotions show at work. To the kids he was just a big, quiet kind of dude who didn’t go looking for trouble, but he wouldn’t run from it either. He was always challenged by a new set of boys who showed up at the center. He made it real clear to them that this was his territory—his rules—and if they needed to flex their muscles, they were welcome to try. And he showed many that just because he was kind, it didn’t mean he was weak. There had to be rules some-in their world, some kind of discipline. And if they understood that, then he worked with them, long and hard, to let them see that they could make a difference in their own lives.
那些在社區中心停留的孩子們並沒有全部迷失。他們想請導師教他們做功課;他們想要壹個安全的地方。他的座右銘是：不要在街上丟孩子。偶爾，他回家哭了。但他從不讓自己的情緒在工作中表現出來。對於孩子們，他只是壹個大而安靜的家夥，他沒有去尋找麻煩，但他不會從中逃脫。他總是受到壹群新出現在中心的男孩的挑戰。他向他們明確表示這是他的領土 – 他的規則 – 如果他們需要彎曲肌肉，歡迎他們嘗試。他向許多人展示了他是善良的，這並不意味著他是軟弱的。在這個世界裏，必須有壹些規則和紀律。如果他們明白了這壹點，那麽他就會和他們壹起努力，讓他們明白，他們可以改變自己的生活。
1.The point of view from which the passage is told can best be described as that of:
A.a man looking back on the best years of his life as director of a community center in a strife-ridden neighborhood.
B.a narrator describing his experiences as they happen, starting with childhood and continuing through his adult years as an advocate for troubled children.
C.an unidentified narrator describing a man who devoted his life to neighborhood children years after his own difficult childhood.
D.an admiring relative of a man whose generosity with children was widely respected in the neighborhood where he turned around a declining community center.
2.It can reasonably be inferred from the passage that which of the following is a cherished dream that Abshu expects to make a reality in his lifetime?
E.Establishing himself financially so as to be able to bring his original family back under one roof
F.Seeing the children at the community center shift their interest from sports to the dramatic arts
G.Building on the success of the community center by opening other centers like it throughout the state
H.Expanding for some, if not all, of the children the vision they have of themselves and their futures
解析：這道題的正確答案是H。從文章的第壹段“had committed himself several years ago to use his talents as a playwright to broaden the horizons for the young, gifted, and black—which was how he saw every child milling around that dark street.”我們就知道Abshu的目的就是希望拓寬孩子們的視野。
3.It can reasonably be inferred from the passage that Abshu and the Masons would agree with which of the following statements about the best way to raise a child?
A.For a child to be happy, he or she must develop a firm basis in religion at an early age.
B.For a child to be fulfilled, he or she must be exposed to great works of art and literature that contain universal themes.
C.For a child to thrive and be a responsible member of society, he or she must develop a sense of discipline.
D.For a child to achieve greatness, he or she must attach importance to the community and not to the self.
解析：這道題的正確答案是C。從“There was a strict curfew in their home that was rigidly observed.”和“There had to be rules some-in their world, some kind of discipline. ”這些句子中我們看出無論是the Masons 還是Abshu，他們都認為孩子需要有紀律性。
4.The fourth paragraph (lines 31–37) establishes all of the following EXCEPT:
E.that Abshu had foster brothers.
F.that the Masons maintained a clean house.
G.how Mother Mason felt about the location of their house.
H.what Abshu remembered most about his years with the Masons.
5.It can reasonably be inferred that which of the following characters from the passage lives according to Abshu’s definition of a life fully lived?
C.Abshu as a child
D.Abshu as an adult
解析：這道題的正確答案是D。從“gave Abshu an appreciation for a life fully lived. Do whatever job makes you happy, regardless of the cost; and fill your home with love.”我們知道Abshu是壹成年人。
6.Which of the following statements about the children entering the community center is supported by the passage?
E.They had unrealistic expectations that Abshu toned down in the course of informal conversations.
F.In Abshu’s eyes, they were all gifted.
G.In Abshu’s eyes, the children who were likely to succeed were the ones who gave him the most trouble at the outset.
H.They were prepared to believe in each other more than in themselves.
解析：這道題的正確答案是F。從“young, gifted, and black—which was how he saw every child milling around that dark street”我們知道在Abshu的眼裏。孩子們都是有天賦的。
7.It can reasonably be inferred from the first paragraph that in obtaining outside funding for the community center, Abshu could be characterized as:
A.thorough in seeking out potential sources for financial backing.
B.reluctant to spoil the children with charity.
C.excited about having the children write grant applications.
D.determined to let the children decide how the money would be spent.
解析：這道題的正確答案是A。從“went after every existing grant on the city and state level ”我們知道Abshu在尋求經濟支持。
8.Which of the following statements about Abshu’s attitude toward his mother’s choices early in his life is supported by the passage?
E.Abshu wishes he could get over the bitterness he feels toward her for allowing him and his siblings to be placed in foster care.
F.Abshu is worried that his mother is troubled by her decision to place her children in foster care and wants to comfort and support her now that he is a grown man.
G.Abshu wonders if she might have made a better decision about letting him and his siblings go into foster care, even though he understands why she did it.
H.Abshu wants to apologize for having been ungrateful as a child to his mother, who was only doing what she felt was best for her family.
解析：這道題的正確答案是G。從“Abshu wished that his own family could have stayed together. There were four of them who ended up in foster care: him, two younger sisters, and a baby brother. He understood why his mother did what she did, but he couldn’t help wondering if there might have been a better way.”我們知道答案選G。
9.According to the passage, which of the following most closely identifies Abshu’s definition of a life fully lived?
A.Happiness in your work and love in your house
B.The pursuit of your goals and the realization of your dreams
C.Togetherness with your family and the sharing of laughter
D.Working in the community and striving for equality
解析：這道題的正確答案是A。從“on the edge of hunger, on the edge of kindness, gave Abshu an appreciation for a life fully lived. Do whatever job makes you happy, regardless of the cost; and fill your home with love”我們知道幸福的生活就是熱愛工作和家人。