ACT官方小說類閱讀樣題(附譯文及解析)

ACT閱讀考試文章類型是固定不變的,主要分為四種類型:小說、社會科學、人文科學、自然科學。而其中小說類文章主要節選自短篇故事和小說,主要是對時間的描述和人物的刻畫。今天小編為大家介紹壹下ACT官方公布的小說類閱讀樣題,我們壹起來看看吧!(還有譯文和解析哦!)

This passage is adapted from the novel The Men of Brewster Place by Gloria Naylor (©1998 by Gloria Naylor).(以下文章改編自Gloria Naylor的“The Brewster Place”(©1998 Gloria Naylor))。

正文如下:

Clifford Jackson, or Abshu, as he preferred to be known in the streets, had committed himself several years ago to use his talents as a playwright to broaden the horizons for the young, gifted, and black—which was how he saw every child milling around that dark street. As head of the community center he went after every existing grant on the city and state level to bring them puppet shows with the message to avoid drug sand stay in school; and plays in the park such as actors rapping their way through Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Abshu believed there was something in Shakespeare for everyone, even the young of BrewsterPlace, and if he broadened their horizons just a little bit, there might be enough room for some of them to slip through and see what the world had waiting. No, it would not be a perfect world, but definitely one with more room than they had now.

克利福德傑克遜,或者Abshu,他更喜歡在大街上為人所知,他在幾年前就用自己的作為壹個劇作家天賦,拓寬了年輕人、天才和黑人的視野,他看到了每壹個孩子在黑暗的街道上蹍磨的方式。作為社區中心的負責人,他在城市和州的每壹個現有的撥款之後都會給他們表演木偶劇,告訴他們不要吸毒,要待在學校裏;同時,他也會在公園裏玩耍,像壹些演員們在仲夏夜之夢中唱著莎士比亞的歌。Abshu相信每壹個,即使是布魯斯特的年輕人,心中都有壹個莎士比亞,而且如果他僅僅稍微拓寬了點視野,也會有足夠的空間讓他們溜進去看看這個世界在等待著什麽。雖然這不是壹個完美的世界,但是肯定要比現在有更多的空間。

The kids who hung around the community center liked Abshu, because he never preached and it was clear that when they spoke he listened; so he could zero in on the kid who had a real problem. It might be an offhand remark while shooting a game of pool or a one-on-one out on the basketball court, but he had a way of making them feel special with just a word or two.

那些在社區中心附近閑逛的孩子很喜歡Abshu,因為他從來不說教,當孩子們說話的時候,他總是聽著,所以對於那些不聽話的孩子他可以進行說教。在籃球場上打臺球或壹對壹的比賽時,這可能是壹種隨意的評論,但他有壹種方法,讓他們覺得自己只有壹兩句話就顯得特別。

Abshu wished that his own family could have stayed together. There were four of them who ended up in foster care: him, two younger sisters, and a baby brother. He understood why his mother did what she did, but he couldn’t help wondering if there might have been a better way.

Abshu希望他的家人能在壹起。他們中有四人最終在寄養家庭中得到了照顧:他、兩個妹妹和壹個小弟弟。他明白母親為什麽要做她所做的事,但他禁不住想知道是否有更好的辦法。

Abshu was put into a home that already had two other boys from foster care. The Masons lived in a small wooden bungalow right on the edge of Linden Hills. And Mother Mason insisted that they tell any- body who asked that they actually lived in Linden Hills, a more prestigious address than Summit Place. It was a home that was kept immaculate.

Abshu被送進了壹個家庭,他已經有了另外兩個來自寄養家庭的男孩。石匠住在林登山邊緣的壹間小木屋裏。梅森母親堅持說,他們要告訴任何壹個人,他們實際上住在林登山,比山頂更有名望。那是壹個保持完美無瑕的家。

But what he remembered most about the Masons was that it seemed there was never quite enough to eat. She sent them to school with a lunch of exactly one and a half sandwiches—white bread spread with margarine and sprinkled with sugar—and half an apple.

但他最記得的是,石匠似乎永遠也吃不飽。她送他們去學校,午餐是壹份半三明治的白面包,塗著人造黃油,撒上糖和半個蘋果。

When Abshu dreamed of leaving which was every day—he had his own apartment with a refrigerator overflowing with food that he gorged himself with day and night. The Masons weren’t mean people; he knew he could have ended up with a lot worse.

Abshu夢想著離開,他希望每天住在自己的公寓裏,冰箱裏裝滿了食物,他每天晚上都吃得很好。這並不代表梅森是刻薄的人,他知道他本可以做得更糟。

Abshu lived with these people for nine years, won a scholarship to the local college, and moved out to support himself through school by working in a dough-nut shop. By this time his mother was ready to take her children back home, but he decided that since he was already out on his own he would stay there. One less mouth for her to worry about feeding. And after he graduated with his degree in social work, he might even be able to give her a little money to help her along.

Abshu和這些人壹起生活了9年,獲得了當地大學的獎學金,通過在面團堅果店工作支撐自己幾年的校園費用。此時,他的母親已經準備好帶孩子回家了,但他決定,既然他已經獨立了,他就會留在那裏。並且囑咐他的母親註意自己的飲食習慣,少吃壹點為好。在他以社會工作的學位畢業後,他可以給她壹些錢來幫助她。

One thing he did thank the Masons for was keeping him out of gangs. There was a strict curfew in their home that was rigidly observed. And church was mandatory. “When you’re out on your own,” Father Mason always said, “you can do whatever you want, but in my home you do as I say.” No, they weren’t mean people, but they were stingy—stingy with their food and with their affection. Existing that way all the time, on the edge of hunger, on the edge of kindness, gave Abshu an appreciation for a life fully lived. Do whatever job makes you happy, regardless of the cost; and fill your home with love. Well, his home became the community center right around the corner from Brewster Place and the job that made him most fulfilled was working with young kids.

他感謝梅森的壹件事就是把他從幫派中趕了出來。他們的家裏有必須要嚴格遵守的宵禁,就連信奉宗教也是強制性的。“當妳壹個人的時候,”梅森父親總是說,“妳可以做任何妳想做的事,但在我的家裏,妳照我說的做。”不,他們不是刻薄的人,但是他們非常吝嗇他們的食物和他們的感情。壹直以來,他們總是使Abshu處在饑餓的邊緣,在善良的邊緣,給了Abshu感謝壹個充滿活力的生活。做任何工作讓妳快樂,無論成本如何;並用愛填滿妳的家。

The kids who hung out at the community center weren’t all lost yet. They wanted to make use of the tutors for their homework; and they wanted a safe place to hang. His motto was: Lose no child to the streets. And on occasion when that happened, he went home to cry. But he never let his emotions show at work. To the kids he was just a big, quiet kind of dude who didn’t go looking for trouble, but he wouldn’t run from it either. He was always challenged by a new set of boys who showed up at the center. He made it real clear to them that this was his territory—his rules—and if they needed to flex their muscles, they were welcome to try. And he showed many that just because he was kind, it didn’t mean he was weak. There had to be rules some-in their world, some kind of discipline. And if they understood that, then he worked with them, long and hard, to let them see that they could make a difference in their own lives.

那些在社區中心停留的孩子們並沒有全部迷失。他們想請導師教他們做功課;他們想要壹個安全的地方。他的座右銘是:不要在街上丟孩子。偶爾,他回家哭了。但他從不讓自己的情緒在工作中表現出來。對於孩子們,他只是壹個大而安靜的家夥,他沒有去尋找麻煩,但他不會從中逃脫。他總是受到壹群新出現在中心的男孩的挑戰。他向他們明確表示這是他的領土 – 他的規則 – 如果他們需要彎曲肌肉,歡迎他們嘗試。他向許多人展示了他是善良的,這並不意味著他是軟弱的。在這個世界裏,必須有壹些規則和紀律。如果他們明白了這壹點,那麽他就會和他們壹起努力,讓他們明白,他們可以改變自己的生活。

Questions:

1.The point of view from which the passage is told can best be described as that of:

A.a man looking back on the best years of his life as director of a community center in a strife-ridden neighborhood.

B.a narrator describing his experiences as they happen, starting with childhood and continuing through his adult years as an advocate for troubled children.

C.an unidentified narrator describing a man who devoted his life to neighborhood children years after his own difficult childhood.

D.an admiring relative of a man whose generosity with children was widely respected in the neighborhood where he turned around a declining community center.

解析:本題的正確答案是C。文章主要介紹的就是Abshu文章的主人公,壹個身份不明的敘述者描述了自己在困難時期將自己的壹生獻給了鄰居的孩子的人。

2.It can reasonably be inferred from the passage that which of the following is a cherished dream that Abshu expects to make a reality in his lifetime?

E.Establishing himself financially so as to be able to bring his original family back under one roof

F.Seeing the children at the community center shift their interest from sports to the dramatic arts

G.Building on the success of the community center by opening other centers like it throughout the state

H.Expanding for some, if not all, of the children the vision they have of themselves and their futures

解析:這道題的正確答案是H。從文章的第壹段“had committed himself several years ago to use his talents as a playwright to broaden the horizons for the young, gifted, and black—which was how he saw every child milling around that dark street.”我們就知道Abshu的目的就是希望拓寬孩子們的視野。

3.It can reasonably be inferred from the passage that Abshu and the Masons would agree with which of the following statements about the best way to raise a child?

A.For a child to be happy, he or she must develop a firm basis in religion at an early age.

B.For a child to be fulfilled, he or she must be exposed to great works of art and literature that contain universal themes.

C.For a child to thrive and be a responsible member of society, he or she must develop a sense of discipline.

D.For a child to achieve greatness, he or she must attach importance to the community and not to the self.

解析:這道題的正確答案是C。從“There was a strict curfew in their home that was rigidly observed.”和“There had to be rules some-in their world, some kind of discipline. ”這些句子中我們看出無論是the Masons 還是Abshu,他們都認為孩子需要有紀律性。

4.The fourth paragraph (lines 31–37) establishes all of the following EXCEPT:

E.that Abshu had foster brothers.

F.that the Masons maintained a clean house.

G.how Mother Mason felt about the location of their house.

H.what Abshu remembered most about his years with the Masons.

解析:這道題的正確答案是H。31-37行就是文章藍色標註的地方。H選項是從38-42行推斷出來的。

5.It can reasonably be inferred that which of the following characters from the passage lives according to Abshu’s definition of a life fully lived?

A.Mother Mason

B.Father Mason

C.Abshu as a child

D.Abshu as an adult

解析:這道題的正確答案是D。從“gave Abshu an appreciation for a life fully lived. Do whatever job makes you happy, regardless of the cost; and fill your home with love.”我們知道Abshu是壹成年人。

6.Which of the following statements about the children entering the community center is supported by the passage?

E.They had unrealistic expectations that Abshu toned down in the course of informal conversations.

F.In Abshu’s eyes, they were all gifted.

G.In Abshu’s eyes, the children who were likely to succeed were the ones who gave him the most trouble at the outset.

H.They were prepared to believe in each other more than in themselves.

解析:這道題的正確答案是F。從“young, gifted, and black—which was how he saw every child milling around that dark street”我們知道在Abshu的眼裏。孩子們都是有天賦的。

7.It can reasonably be inferred from the first paragraph that in obtaining outside funding for the community center, Abshu could be characterized as:

A.thorough in seeking out potential sources for financial backing.

B.reluctant to spoil the children with charity.

C.excited about having the children write grant applications.

D.determined to let the children decide how the money would be spent.

解析:這道題的正確答案是A。從“went after every existing grant on the city and state level ”我們知道Abshu在尋求經濟支持。

8.Which of the following statements about Abshu’s attitude toward his mother’s choices early in his life is supported by the passage?

E.Abshu wishes he could get over the bitterness he feels toward her for allowing him and his siblings to be placed in foster care.

F.Abshu is worried that his mother is troubled by her decision to place her children in foster care and wants to comfort and support her now that he is a grown man.

G.Abshu wonders if she might have made a better decision about letting him and his siblings go into foster care, even though he understands why she did it.

H.Abshu wants to apologize for having been ungrateful as a child to his mother, who was only doing what she felt was best for her family.

解析:這道題的正確答案是G。從“Abshu wished that his own family could have stayed together. There were four of them who ended up in foster care: him, two younger sisters, and a baby brother. He understood why his mother did what she did, but he couldn’t help wondering if there might have been a better way.”我們知道答案選G。

9.According to the passage, which of the following most closely identifies Abshu’s definition of a life fully lived?

A.Happiness in your work and love in your house

B.The pursuit of your goals and the realization of your dreams

C.Togetherness with your family and the sharing of laughter

D.Working in the community and striving for equality

解析:這道題的正確答案是A。從“on the edge of hunger, on the edge of kindness, gave Abshu an appreciation for a life fully lived. Do whatever job makes you happy, regardless of the cost; and fill your home with love”我們知道幸福的生活就是熱愛工作和家人。

我們應該如何進行ACT閱讀小說類文章的備考呢?

(1)有針對性地進行ACT閱讀訓練

如果能夠有針對性地對真題中的小說文本進行文本細讀,反復訓練,則考生的語言敏感度可以被強化,並且考生對文本中相同或相近的語言習慣的把握和反應也會被強化。

(2)有針對性地進行擴展ACT閱讀的文本選擇

(3)有針對性地了解相關歷史和文化背景

考生在備考過程中,可以從部分真題練習文章開始,在把握文本的同時,了解和抽取出相關的歷史和文化要素,對其進行針對性的查詢了解和學習,以便未來在實戰中相同或相關歷史和文化要素的文章,能夠更快更好更高效的被解決。

(4)提高對小說類文章的熟悉度

要想對小說類閱讀文章進行快速準確的總結,最有效的方法之壹就是建立對此類文章寫作風格的熟悉度。