Get to know some of the measures for prevention of flu and colds, and learn what actually works in these cases.
With the arrival of Winter and cold, also comes the flu and colds. In addition, there arises also the usual advertising of the medications and / or supplements to prevent these conditions.
However, and you will not have that next to the intake of medication, we leave you some tips for prevention of flu and colds.
HOW TO TRANSMIT THE FLU AND COLDS?
Constipation is caused by about two hundred different viruses, the most common being the Rhinovirus. Unlike the flu, colds rarely cause serious health problems, although it is considered the infectious disease more frequent in the world.
The transmission of the viruses that cause flu and colds it is always from person to person, usually through coughing, sneezing, of the hands or direct contact with surfaces or objects that are shared with a person who is sick.
Since these viruses can survive for about 48 hours on contaminated objects, the application of measures for prevention of flu and colds it helps to minimize the spread of the virus and decrease the prevalence of these two conditions, which if not properly cared for can develop into more serious situations.
10 MEASURES FOR THE PREVENTION OF FLU AND COLDS
The incidence of flu and colds tends to decrease with age, being very common especially in children under the age of two years. However, the sleep disturbances and the high levels of stress can increase the risk in adults.
- Influenza vaccine: Is the best way of preventing infection, being advised in individuals older than 65 years, pregnant women, the chronically ill, persons with weakened immune system and health professionals.
- Washing of hands: hands are a vehicle of contact with all types of micro-organisms. Wash them with soap, or solution of the base in alcohol, often helps to eliminate the micro-organisms responsible for the infections.
- When you cough or sneeze, you should protect your mouth and nose with a tissue or with your arm.
- Clear with greater attendance, any objects that are subject to handling very frequent for multiple people.
- Air often indoor spaces, be it your home, the workplace, the school or the kindergarten.
- Clothing: it Is essential to always use appropriate clothing to temperature. In winter, sudden changes of temperature, sometimes accompanied by rain or snow, can lead to flu and colds. Opt to use scarves, hats and gloves and dress warmly as well.
- Rest and sleep: sleep and adequate rest helps keep the immune system strengthened.
- Avoid contact with infected people: Avoid contact very close with people who have symptoms.
- Practice exercise: The practice of physical exercise seems to help prevent the flu and colds, although are necessary more studies to prove, in a more consistent way, this theory.
- Supplementation with vitamin D: supplementation with vitamin D appears to have a positive effect in the prevention of flu and colds, especially in people who already possess grace prior.
PREVENTION OF FLU AND COLDS: SUPPLEMENTS INEFFECTIVE
The supplementation of zinc, often used to prevent these conditions, it seems, in fact, have an effect negligent in the prevention of flu and colds.
Also the famous vitamin C seems to not be so effective in preventing flu and colds, being one of the biggest myths associated with this topic.
The exception will be the people exposed to brief periods of physical exercise too intense, or persons subject to cold environments, can be observed a reduction of incidence in the order of 50%.
Already taking probiotics may have a positive effect in the prevention of infections of the respiratory tract, but is also a need for more scientific evidence to draw definitive conclusions. As already mentioned, if you’re already sick, a great way to prevent other people from getting sick is to stay home and avoid exposure.
FOOD AND PREVENTION OF FLU AND COLDS
In the Winter, we alert to the fact that some of the foods that are associated with the cold weather, as for example the chocolate (rich in sugar and fats), or alcoholic beverages (which if you eat more in the Winter, with the misconception that heat), should be consumed with moderation.
Stresses the soup, prepared with vegetables, vegetables and legumes, which is a great option to combat the low temperatures, satisfy the hunger and also enrich us with fiber, vitamins and minerals.
In addition, intake of soup helps to hydrate the body and we all know how difficult it is to drink at least 1.5 L of water daily this time of year.
A proper consumption of foods that contain unsaturated fats omega-3 and omega-6 may also be useful to assist in the inflammatory process.
At this stage of the year, and if we intend to strengthen our immune system we should integrate into our food plan:
- Vegetables of green color dark (for ex. couve-galega, cabbage, brussels, broccoli, spinach);
- Vegetables of green color to orange (for ex. carrot, pumpkin, beetroot);
- Fruit varied (to include citrus fruits like by ex. orange, grapefruit, lemon, tangerine);
- Oleaginous fruits (for ex. walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds);
- Fat fish (by ex. sardines, salmon, mackerel, tuna, herring);
- Legumes (for ex. beans, chickpeas, lentils);
- Cereals and their derivatives the integrals (for ex. bread, dark rice, and pasta full) and water.
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