Outdoor Clothing – Materials and Technologies

This is a guest post from Christian, who else is blogging on Hikinggear.de and Routealpin.de .

You hit catalogues today or surfs the net, so you will be heaped upon terms about materials and new technologies.

Our grandparents probably put on the head and say, the knickerbockers have us back then and cotton shirts made for hiking and would wonder only about today’s clothes, you get presented on the blog or.

You go hiking today it must be functional underwear with a MerinoShirt, the pants made of blended fabric (cotton and polyester) and to the high-end Hardshell with Gore-Tex. Hardly a blogger user in the Outdoorforen or the Outdoorshops seller advises one more about the clothing of our grandparents.

I will give you a brief overview of the different materials and their use in the apparel today, because you are not quite innocent in this mess as a blogger. Of course without claim on completeness, because for that, there are too many different materials.

Let’s start with the classic material, the cotton times.

Cotton is the material, what you probably wear in everyday life the most on the body. Cotton as a base – and mid-layer, so the first and second layer in the system is supported. Whether it’s as pants, shirts, buff cloths, T-Shirts, there’s hardly a piece of clothing which does not exist in cotton. It is always pleasant on the skin. But it will be noted in the self test, that cotton tends to absorb moisture and to keep them once. Cotton dries very slowly, it is suitable for cold weather, because the body is not isolated then, but cools down. In the case of cotton is unpleasant on the skin. In warm temperatures, garments made of cotton are however pleasant, since things are airy, the air can circulate freely. Today, there are cotton as a blend, i.e. mixed cotton and polyester, to associate their respective qualities.

Wool is also a very common material and is worn as well as cotton. Be it in the form of sweaters, hats, socks, gloves or underwear. Pure wool insulated very well, keep warm, but tends on the skin as a scratch to be perceived.

Better, the Merino Wool is perceived on the skin. This clothing made from Merino Wool is lighter than that of ordinary wool, scratches in contrast but not on the skin to and keeps warm also. Merino Wool manufacturers in various strengths, i.e. a thin version for the summer, one, something thicker for year-round use and a thickness variation for the cold season. Also the advantage of Merino clothing is that it keeps even then still warm when it is damp.

Silkis now rarely used. Made of silk, there were used as underwear and shirts, nowadays can be found silk still mainly in inlets for the sleeping bag or as a hut sleeping bag. Just like cotton, silk a pleasant feeling on the skin, stores moisture but just like cotton. Due to the low weight, silk at the mentioned inlets is a lighter alternative to the cotton inlets. In the clothing, silk is inzw but replaced by fibers from synthetic, that faster to transport moisture and do not store.

As an example of such a synthetic fiber is polypropylene . This material can be from the underwear, gloves and hats to rain clothing manufacture. It has the properties that absorbs the moisture that dry but also again very quickly. Compared to the Merino Wool is the so-called “functional clothing” polypropylene inexpensive, transported the moisture outwards, rather than to “save them”, keeps body dry and therefore warm the thus, causing the clothing feels comfortable on the skin.

Fleeceis also very extensive manufacturable products. Fleece, there are jackets, pants, balaclavas, gloves, vests and hats of course. The properties of fleece of Merino Wool are similar, fleece retains heat even when wet and warms up well at low weight. The heat output is however not as good as with Merino Wool. Fleece is greater than comparable products made of Merino Wool by the volume, but still a light fabric. Microfleeceis thinner and lighter, in contrast to the normal fleece, micro fleece consists of a denser fabric. The advantage compared to the Classic Fleece is the lower weight, but the drawback is that it keeps not so warm.

Yet microfibre is as next. Microfibre is very densely woven, moisture is held well. This substance is not rainproof alone however. Microfiber wind-jackets, pants, rain gear and of course light towels is used. Clothing made from microfibre characterised thereby that it is mostly wind-tight and well derived humidity.

For proper rain gear, there inzw. Membrane jackets. Layered materials with different properties are membrane in the clothing industry. As a rough description that serves 2 layer model, an inner layer directs steam outwards, while the outer layer can pass water vapor, moisture & wind leaves from outside but not inside. Deemed to be best known membrane Gore-Tex. This membrane can be found in the outer layer of the onion principle at rain jackets, rain pants, leggings, gloves, hats and shoes. Gore-Tex® is water – and windproof, this but breathable, making it differs to the rain jackets from the time of our grandparents. The microscopic pores in the GoreTex membrane can evaporate sweat that we know comes from the inside of the jacket, rain, not come from the outside but inside the jacket.

For a few years, there are now Softshell. Such as Goretex found in the outer layer of the onion principle in jackets and pants Softshell. It is water repellent, breathable but first and foremost to a certain extent. Describe can be as a bridge between the fleece and Gore-Tex soft shell. Similar to Softshell is very breathable and insulating the fleece However unlike fleece almost like GoreTex wind and water repellent.

Now you can find many other fabrics and materials, because it a new material, a new label, is constantly distinguish a new membrane, etc. on the market, which differ not so much but from the above, but only in the weight or better properties, mostly one of the mentioned principle but are similar.

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About the author

Christian blogs together with Stefanie on Hikinggear.de and Routealpin.de. They are both students in North Rhine-Westphalia and try again to show what you can experience in North Rhine-Westphalia (and Germany) in activities in the nature. 20 years ago, passion for outdoor is been erupted and not deleted since them. On the contrary, they try as often as it comes, to pursue their hobbies like trekking, mountaineering, cycling and running outside in nature. Thus at the same time, these are the topics of their blogs.