Watches are complicated by himself already – mechanical more than their modern relatives with quartz movement. One speaks of a complication watches only, if still an additional feature added to the classic display of the time. The best-known auxiliary function is the date. But in the course of history, watchmakers have realized numerous other functions.
We introduce today ten of the most exciting complications:
Chronographs are nothing more than stop watches, bracelet watches today enjoy a great popularity and are still only rarely used. The complication is underestimated mainly for mechanical watches. New developments in works are very rare, much rarer than, for example, with Tourbillon.
2 Drag pointer or double chronograph (also: Rattrapante)
An extension of the chronograph which allows also the measurement of split time. This stops a running measurement of one of the two second hand a button and you can read the stop time. Pressing again, the pointer jumps back a live partner.
Moon phase 3
As the name implies, appears here in a small window, Moon age in the sky is just to see. The problem is that the Moon is in reality a very crooked value from full moon to full moon jumps (and still slightly varies the also). Most moon phase indicator shows therefore an approximation (often 29.5 days).
4 power-reserve indicator
It indicates how much power reserves are still in a movement. This complication makes sense especially when hand lift works. With a quartz movement, the end-of-life feature assumes a similar task, indicating when the power supply of a battery approaches the end.
5 time zone
Known to be the clock is not constant. So it is in the Ukraine, for example, already 21:45, when we have cozy’s against 20:45 before the TV, to watch the final of the European Championship. Watches with time zone, can these ads. This complication is not very difficult to realize. It will be exciting only when more than two time zones is displayed, then is possibly very closely on the dial. A challenge is to show also weird time zones (for example is Nepal three hours 45 minutes ahead of Central European summer time).
6 alarm clock
You don’t have to explain the function of an alarm clock. A loud Bell in a small mechanical watch is to be packed for engineers, however, a challenge.
7 24-hour display
Movements are usually designed to divide sections with twelve hours each day into two. Sometimes it can be also useful that the hour hand around the dial just once per day (for example, if inconclusive at the ambient brightness day and night indistinguishable, as in the polar regions).
8 perpetual calendar
The normal date a clock has a downside: almost every second month must it be re-adjusted. A perpetual calendar takes into account such changes, as also the leap years. Often all calendar information on the dial are displayed.
9 equation of time
The time is shown on our watches is slightly different from the true solar time. Because our Earth in a clean circle revolves around the Sun and the Earth is slightly tilted, the true solar time differ up to 16 minutes from time. The extreme points are the 3 November and February 11.
10 minute repeater
The classic complication comes from a time when one night just could snap to the light, to read off the time. Therefore they devised Repeater watches, that current hours and minutes with fine Bell sound sound left on push of a button. Today, the feature is really unnecessary, but belongs to the most beautiful, what is the Haute Horlogerie – the sound of a minute repeater and the realization is difficult anyway.
, Our examples are just a sample of the diversity of possible complications. What a master watchmakers today can pack in a wristwatch, the brand of Franck Muller with the Aeternitas mega 4 proved.